HUBUNGAN PENDIDIKAN, KONSELING, PEMBERIAN MAKANAN TAMBAHAN (PMT) DENGAN STATUS GIZI BALITA DI PUSKESMAS TELUK KARANG KOTA TEBING TINGGI

Authors

  • Vivia Ningsih Ningsih Universitas Sari Mutiara Indonesia
  • Evawani Martalena Silitonga Sari Mutiara Indonesia University
  • Donal Nababan Nababan Universitas Sari Mutiara Indonesia
  • Frida Lina Tarigan Universitas Sari Mutiara Indonesia
  • Ivan Elisabeth Purba Universitas Sari Mutiara Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31004/prepotif.v6i1.2913

Keywords:

Education, Counseling, Supplementary Feeding, Nutritional Status of Toddlers

Abstract

Lack of nutritious food will cause stunted growth of children and excessive food is also not good because it causes obesity. Adequacy of feeding children is very important because lack of energy/nutrients can interfere with optimal growth, and can also cause nutritional disorders, both curable or not. This study aims to determine the relationship between maternal education, counseling and supplementary feeding on the nutritional status of children under five. This study used a cross-sectional design. The research population was all mothers of children under five who were in the Teluk Karang Health Center in the city of Tebing Tinggi in 2021. The research sample was 56 people obtained by accidental sampling technique. Data was collected by distributing questionnaires to mothers of children under five.  The data processing process starts from editing, coding, entry, cleaning and tabulating. Analysis of research data consisted of univariate and bivariate analysis with chi square test, multivariate with logistic regression test. The results showed that there was a relationship between maternal education (p=0.010), counseling (p=0.004; PR=2,3;95%CI 1.245-4.588), supplementary feeding (p= <0.001; PR=3.6;95 %CI 1.758-7.417) with the nutritional status of children under five. The results of multivariate analysis showed that the dominant variable related to the nutritional status of toddlers was the provision of additional food (p = <0.001; PR = 7.5; 95%CI 3.768-64.441), meaning that toddlers who did not get additional food had 7.5 times the tendency to experience nutritional status is not normal compared with toddlers who get additional food. Thus, mothers of toddlers should actively visit the puskesmas and often consult with doctors, nurses and nutritionists regarding the foods needed by children under five to obtain normal nutritional status.  

Author Biographies

Vivia Ningsih Ningsih, Universitas Sari Mutiara Indonesia

Public Heaalth

Evawani Martalena Silitonga, Sari Mutiara Indonesia University

Kesehatan Masyarakat (Public Health)

Donal Nababan Nababan, Universitas Sari Mutiara Indonesia

Public Health

Frida Lina Tarigan, Universitas Sari Mutiara Indonesia

Public Health

Ivan Elisabeth Purba, Universitas Sari Mutiara Indonesia

Public Health

References

Erina Masri, dkk,2020.Efektifitas Pemberian Makanan Tambahan (PMT) dan konseling gizi dalam perbikan gizi balita. Jurnal

Fina Fatmawati Prayitno, Dian Isti Angraini, Rani Himayani RG. Hubungan pendidikan dan pengetahuan gizi dengan status gizi ibu hamil pada keluarga dengan pendapatan rendah di Kota Bandar Lampung. Medula. 2019;2(2):225.

Hallen, 2019. Bimbingan dan konseling dalam islam

Kementerian Kesehatan RI,2017 Petunjuk teknis Pemberian Makanan Tamabahan (Balita – Ibu Hamil – Anak Sekolah), Direktorat jenderal Kesehatan Masyarakat, Jakarta.

Kusum ningrum, R & Pudjirahaju, A, 2019 Konseling gizi terhadap pengetahuan gizi dan sikap ibu, pola makan serta tingkat konsumsi Energi dan prptein balita gizi kurang.

Munawaroh, Siti 2017. Pola Asuh Mempengaruhi Status Gizi Balita.

Notoatmodjo, 2018, Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan, Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan, Jakarta : Rineka Cipta.

Sofiana D, & Noer, E. R. 2013 Perbedaan pengetahuan, Sikap dan Prilaku ibu sebelum dan sesudah konseling gizi.

Sri Sayekti Heni Sunaryanti, 2019, Pengarug Status Gizi terhadap Pertumbuhan Anak.

Suci, dkk., 2021. Hubungan Tingkat Pendidikan Dan Pengetahuan Tentang Status Gizi Dengan Angka Kejadian Stunting Di Desa Secanggang Kabupaten Langkat. Jurnal

Putri, dkk., 2021. Hubungan Tingkat Pendidikan Dan Pengetahuan Tentang Status Gizi Dengan Angka Kejadian Stunting Di Desa Secanggang Kabupaten Langkat

Downloads

Published

2022-01-11