HUBUNGAN INDEKS MASSA TUBUH TERHADAP KUALITAS TIDUR PADA LANJUT USIA DI DESA PENATIH

I.A. Pascha Paramurthi, I Made Dhita Prianthara, Kadek Liza Widya Astari

Abstract


Background: The elderly population in recent years has experienced a significant increase. The condition and function of the body in the elderly are decreasing so that a person will experience a decrease in physical abilities which can affect body shape. Changes in body composition in the elderly include an increase in fat mass, a decrease in fat-free mass and a decrease in bone mass. These changes can increase and decrease the Body Mass Index (BMI). Sleep disturbance that affects sleep quality is sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and is closely related to a person's BMI level. The higher a person's BMI, the worse the quality of sleep, and vice versa. Purpose: This study aims to determine the relationship between obesity and sleep quality in the elderly. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study. The sampling technique was simple random sampling. The research sample consisted of 49 elderly people. Results: Based on the chi-square test, the value of p = 0.043 (p <0.05) was obtained, which means that there is a significant relationship between obesity and sleep quality. Conclusion: There is a relationship between obesity and sleep quality in the elderly.

Pendahuluan: Penduduk lanjut usia beberapa tahun terakhir mengalami peningkatan yang signifikan. Kondisi dan fungsi tubuh pada lanjut usia semakin menurun sehingga seseorang akan mengalami penurunan kemampuan fisik yang dapat berpengaruh terhadap bentuk tubuh. Perubahan komposisi tubuh pada lansia berupa terjadi peningkatan massa lemak, penurunan massa bebas lemak dan penurunan massa tulang. Perubahan tersebut dapat meningkatkan dan menurunkan Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT). Gangguan saat tidur yang mempengaruhi kualitas tidur adalah sleep disordered breathing (SDB) dan sangat terkait dengan tingkat IMT seseorang. Semakin tinggi IMT seseorang maka kualitas tidur makin buruk, begitu sebaliknya. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara obesitas terhadap kualitas tidur pada lanjut usia. Metode : Penelitian ini adalah cross-sectional study. Teknik pengambilan sampel dengan simple random sampling. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 49 orang lanjut usia. Hasil: Berdasarkan uji chi-square didapatkan nilai p=0,043 (p<0,05) yang artinya terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara obesitas terhadap kualitas tidur. Kesimpulan: Ada hubungan antara obesitas terhadap kualitas tidur pada lanjut usia.

Keywords


Obesity, Sleep Quality, Elderly

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31004/prepotif.v5i1.1319

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