• Rizki Ananda Departemen Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Indonesia
  • Zulkifli Djunaidi Departemen Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Indonesia



Sistem Manajemen, keberlangsungan usaha, industri, pandemic COVID-19


The COVID-19 pandemic which increased rapidly in early 2020 causes losses that can result in companies going out of business. To overce this, it is necessary to have a management system that manage continuity of the Business. Business Continuity Management System (BCMSS) is one of system management for employer to take an action a business continuity. However, there are still industries that have not implemented Business Continuity Management System (BCMS). Therefore, the purpose of this research is to see the difference in the impact of industries that apply and do not apply BCMS during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study uses the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review & Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) method with inclusion criteria, namely articles that answer research, are published, use Indonesian or English, and were written in the last two years. The impacts on industries that implement BCMS are maintaining business continuity, returning to normal industrial conditions, mitigating disruptions, and reducing COVID-19 transmission. The impacts on industries that do not implement BCMS are labor problems, economic problems, and disruption of the supply chain. There is a significant difference between industries that implement BCMS and industries that do not apply BCMS where industries that apply BCMS can maintain business continuity.


Aigbedo, H. (2021) ‘Impact of COVID-19 on the Hospitality Industry: A Supply Chain Resilience Perspective’, International Journal of Hospitality Management, 98, p. 103012. doi:

Amalia, N. M. and Saputra, S. A. (2021) ‘Kondisi Sosial dan Ekonomi Masyarakat Indonesia Akibat Kebijakan Pemerintah terhadap Pandemi Covid-19’, IJTIMAIYA: Journal of Social Science Teaching, 5(2), p. 159. doi: 10.21043/ji.v5i2.10033.

Ambarwati, R., Yuliastri, D. and Sulistiyowati, W. (2022) ‘Human Resource Risk Control Through COVID-19 Risk Assessment in Indonesian Manufacturing’, Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 74(February 2021), p. 104665. doi: 10.1016/j.jlp.2021.104665.

Ashraf, A. M., Imran, W. and Véchot, L. (2022) ‘Analysis of the Impact of a Pandemic on the Control of the Process Safety Risk in Major Hazards Industries Using a Fault Tree Analysis approach’, Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 74(September 2021), p. 104649. doi: 10.1016/j.jlp.2021.104649.

Belhadi, A. et al. (2021) ‘Manufacturing and Service Supply Chain Resilience to the COVID-19 Outbreak: Lessons Learned from the Automobile and Airline Industries’, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 163, p. 120447. doi:

BPS (2020) ‘Berita resmi statistik 5 Agustus 2020 - Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Indonesia Triwulan II-2020’, Bps.Go.Id, No 64/08/T(27), pp. 1–52. Available at:

Bucherer, E., Eisert, U. and Gassmann, O. (2012) ‘Towards Systematic Business Model Innovation: Lessons from Product Innovation Management’, Creativity and Innovation Management, 21(2), pp. 183–198. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8691.2012.00637.x.

Buganová, K., Mošková, E. and Šimí?ková, J. (2021) ‘Increasing the Resilience of Transport Enterprises through the Implementation of Risk Management and Continuity Management’, Transportation Research Procedia, 55, pp. 1522–1529. doi:

Chen, J. et al. (2021) ‘The Challenges of COVID-19 Control Policies for Sustainable Development of Business: Evidence from Service Industries’, Technology in Society, 66, p. 101643. doi:

Frikha, G. et al. (2021) ‘Toward a Modeling Tool for Business Continuity Management’, IFAC-PapersOnLine, 54(1), pp. 1156–1161. doi: 10.1016/j.ifacol.2021.08.136.

Galbusera, L., Cardarilli, M. and Giannopoulos, G. (2021) ‘The ERNCIP Survey on COVID-19: Emergency & Business Continuity for Fostering Resilience in Critical Infrastructures’, Safety Science, 139, p. 105161. doi:

Garnica, G. B. and Barriga, G. D. C. (2018) ‘Barriers to Occupational Health and Safety Management in Small Brazilian Enterprises’, Production, 28. doi: 10.1590/0103-6513.20170046.

Giunipero, L. C., Denslow, D. and Rynarzewska, A. I. (2021) ‘Small Business Survival and COVID-19 - An Exploratory Analysis of Carriers’, Research in Transportation Economics, p. 101087. doi:

Heikkilä, M., Bouwman, H. and Heikkilä, J. (2018) ‘From strategic goals to business model innovation paths: an exploratory study’, Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 25(1), pp. 1462–6004. doi: 10.1108/JSBED-03-2017-0097.

ILO (2020) ‘Dalam menghadapi pandemi: Memastikan Keselamatan dan Kesehatan di Tempat Kerja’, Labour Administration, Labour Inspection and Occupational Safety and Health Branch (LABADMIN/OSH) Route, pp. 1–52. Available at:

Kaur, A., Kumar, A. and Luthra, S. (2022) ‘Business Continuity Through Customer Engagement in Sustainable Supply Chain Management: Outlining the Enablers to Manage Disruption’, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 29(10), pp. 14999–15017. doi: 10.1007/s11356-021-16683-4.

Kosieradzka, A., Smagowicz, J. and Szwed, C. (2022) ‘Ensuring the Business Continuity of Production Companies in Conditions of COVID-19 Pandemic in Poland – Applied Measures Analysis’, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 72(February), p. 102863. doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2022.102863.

Margherita, A. and Heikkilä, M. (2021) ‘Business Continuity in the COVID-19 Emergency: A Framework of Actions Undertaken by World-Leading Companies’, Business Horizons, 64(5), pp. 683–695. doi:

Moeljono, A. et al. (2020) ‘Panduan Perencanaan Manajemen Kelangsungan Usaha ( Business Continuity Management ) untuk Ancaman Pandemi COVID-19 Referensi bagi lintas sektor & industri dalam menyusun rencana tanggap darurat & kontingensi bisnis untuk disrupsi karena Penyusun?’:

Nader, J. et al. (2022) ‘Pandemic Planning, Sustainability Practices, and Organizational Performance: An Empirical Investigation of Global Manufacturing Firms’, International Journal of Production Economics, 246, p. 108419. doi:

Narasimha, P. T., Jena, P. R. and Majhi, R. (2021) ‘Impact of COVID-19 on the Indian Seaport Transportation and Maritime Supply Chain’, Transport Policy, 110(May), pp. 191–203. doi: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2021.05.011.

Niemimaa, M. et al. (2019) ‘Business continuity of business models: Evaluating the resilience of business models for contingencies’, International Journal of Information Management, 49(May), pp. 208–216. doi: 10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2019.04.010.

Pohle, G. and Chapman, M. (2006) ‘IBM’s Global CEO Report 2006: Business Model Innovation Matters’, Strategy & Leadership, 34(5), pp. 34–40. doi: 10.1108/10878570610701531.

Raj, A. et al. (2022) ‘Supply Chain Management During and Post-COVID-19 Pandemic: Mitigation Strategies and Practical Lessons Learned’, Journal of Business Research, 142, pp. 1125–1139. doi:

Schmid, B., Raju, E. and Jensen, P. K. M. (2021) ‘COVID-19 and Business Continuity - Learning from the Private Sector and Humanitarian Actors in Kenya’, Progress in Disaster Science, 11, p. 100181. doi:

Serrano, F. and Kazda, A. (2020) ‘Business Continuity During Pandemics – Lessons Learned about Airport Personnel’, Transportation Research Procedia, 51, pp. 56–66. doi:

Sigala, M. (2020) ‘Tourism and COVID-19: Impacts and Implications for Advancing and Resetting Industry and Research’, Journal of Business Research, 117(June), pp. 312–321. doi: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2020.06.015.

Susilo, A. et al. (2020) ‘Coronavirus Disease 2019: Tinjauan Literatur Terkini’, Jurnal Penyakit Dalam Indonesia, 7(1), p. 45. doi: 10.7454/jpdi.v7i1.415.

Verma, S. and Gustafsson, A. (2020) ‘Investigating the Emerging COVID-19 Research Trends in the Field of Business and Management: A Bibliometric Analysis Approach’, Journal of Business Research, 118, pp. 253–261. doi:

Webb, P. and Bain, C. (2005) Essential Epidemiology An Introduction for Students and Health Professionals, Cambridge University Press. New York.




How to Cite